Proshkovich to Ravavio

Fedor Proshkovich (Федор Прошкович; Theodor)

Proshkovich’s URW membership card

Born 1896, Minsk, Russia (present-day Belarus). Machine operator. Migrated to US 1912. Joined the Union of Russian Workers in New York circa 1919. Arrested during the first Palmer Raids, November 1919. Deported on the Buford.

INS file 54709/364

Tomas Prosk (Томас Проск; Thomas; Drosk; Rosk)

Born 1893, Kaluga, Russia. Metalworker. Migrated to US 1912. Joined the New Haven branch of Union of Russian Workers circa 1918. Employed at Winchester Repeating Arms Company in New Haven, Connecticut, but fired for organizing for IWW; he denied being an IWW member, but evidence showed he paid IWW dues and received IWW literature. At work, when given instructions for paying his income tax, he also remarked, “F— the Government.” Arrested April 1919 after his employer reported him to the authorities. Deported on the Buford.

INS file 54616/156

Anton Prushchuk (Антон Прущук; Anthony Pruschuk; Tony)

Born 1898, Brest-Litovsk, Russia (present-day Belarus). Laborer. Migrated to US 1913 (to avoid military service). Worked in Detroit and probably a member of the Union of Russian Workers there, although he denied it. Avowed pacifist. Arrested 1918 for not registering for the draft, and illegally inducted in the US Army. June 1918 court-martialed for refusing orders; sentenced to five years in military prison; imprisoned at the Fort Leavenworth Disciplinary Barracks and then Fort Douglas, Utah, until August 1919, when he was dishonorably discharged from the Army. Arrested again during the second Palmer Raids, November 1919. Deported to Poland, January 22, 1921.

May be the anarchist “Prushtshuk” who participated in an hunger strike in Petrograd’s House of Preliminary Detention (“Splareka”) in November 1922.

INS file 54709/510; FBI file OG 363519

See also: International Committee for Political Prisoners, Letters from Russian Prisons

Demian Pruss (Демиан Прусс; Bruss)

Born 1895, Minsk, Russia (present-day Belarus). Migrated to US 1912. Agricultural worker. Member of Philadelphia’s First Russian Branch of the Communist Party. Deported to Russia, February 26, 1921.

INS file 54811/959

Louis Purtikowsky (Purtik; Pyrtek)

Born Biata, Russia (present-day Poland). Barber; laborer. Migrated to US 1913. Reported to authorities by three US Army recruiters in Indianapolis who claimed he had stated his opposition to the US government and the war, his support revolution and the red flag, and “said he would throw bombs before he would assist this Government.” Arrested September 1919; denied all charges but wished to return to Poland. Explained his desire to return by saying, “Here was colored people and I don’t want to mix people. They don’t speak good government. They don’t speak Black man fighting with white man.” Deported to Poland, May 14, 1920.

INS file 54709/55

Kazimir Radkovits (Казимир Радковиц; Kazimer Radkowicz; Kozimer Radowiz; Kozumer Radkovich, aka John Baron)

Born c.1884, Russia. Migrated to Us 1903. Autoworker. Joined the Socialist Party around 1910, then Detroit’s Branch No. 1 of the Communist Party. Arrested January 1920. Deported to Russia, February 26, 1921.

INS file 54859/659

Pavel Rak (Павел Рак; Paul; Rakand)

Born 1889, Minsk, Russia (present-day Belarus). Longshoreman. Migrated to US 1914. July, 1918 illegally drafted into US Army; sentenced to 18 months imprisonment at Fort Douglas, Utah, as a conscientious objector. After his release, joined the Communist Party of America in Detroit. Arrested during the second Palmer Raids, January 1920. “Voluntarily departed” sometime before February 1921.

FBI file OG 379972; included on list of deported radicals in INS file 54325/36G

Ignaty Ramoroff (Tony Paros)

Born 1899, Novozybkov, Russia. Migrated to US 1913. Hotel housekeeper. Individualist anarchist and Tolstoyan; not a member of any group. Arrested Cleveland, February 23, 1920. Deported to Russia, March 18, 1921.

INS file 55009/20

Michael Ransc

Deported to Yugoslavia, June 19, 1920.

Included on list of deported radicals in INS file 54325/36G

Albert Rasimovicius (Rasimo)

Deported to Russia, March 18, 1921.

INS file 54860/712

Yakim Ravavio (Ravavoi)

Born c.1885, Russia. Immigrated to US 1914. Laborer. Wife in Russia. Joined the Union of Russian Workers in Erie, Pennsylvania 1919. Arrested December 12, 1919. Deported to Russia, February 26, 1921.

INS file 54860/600

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