Roznuk to Saccaro

Demian Roznuk (Demin; Rozenok; Demetri Rosicok; Demyan Rogeanok)

Born 1887, Chernihiv Oblast, Russia (present-day Ukraine). Steelworker. Migrated to US 1913. Wife in Russia. Joined the Union of Russian Workers in Youngstown, Ohio, circa 1919. Employed at Republic Iron and Steel; on strike at time of arrest. Arrested during the first Palmer Raids, November 1919. Deported on the Buford.

INS file 54709/186

Axel Rudolph

IWW member. Deported October 31, 1919. No further information found.

See: One Big Union Monthly, March 1920

John C. Ruggieri (aka John C. Rogers)

Born 1892, Rosario, Argentina. Italian parents. Bootblack; laborer. Migrated to US 1906 (age 14). 1915 visited Canada for two weeks and reentered the US without inspection. Arrested in raid on San Francisco IWW hall; denied membership but admitted agreeing the the IWW’s “philosophy”; denied being an anarchist. Allowed to “reship foreign” as a sailor to Chile, August 21, 1918.

INS file 54235/58

Boris Trofinov Rusak (Борис Трофинов Русак; Russak; aka John Rusak; Boris Tropinav)

Born Kryvičy, Russia (present-day Belarus). Laborer. Migrated to US 1913. Married wife Efrosnia in 1914; daughter Nadia born 1917. Joined the Union of Russian Workers in Norwich, Connecticut February 1919. Arrested February, 1920. Deported January 22, 1921.

INS file 54861/278

Giuseppe Russo (Joe Russo; aka L’Unico; Augustus Antonio Leon)

Born 1873, allegedly on a ship on the Atlantic, but some sources say in Chiaravelle, Italy. Miner, metalworker. An “anarchist without adjectives,” he was strongly influenced by both Max Stirner and Luigi Galleani and wrote for Cronaca Sovversiva. Lived in Tunisia and imprisoned there before migrating to the US in 1896. 1911 joined the PLM’s forces in Tijuana, but quickly became disillusioned with the Mexican Revolution. Arrested in Lovelock, Nevada and deported August 1921.

Arrested 1923 in Bressanone and sentenced to seven months for threatening police. Then lived in Turin where in 1926 he was sentenced to five years of forced confinement in Favignana and Lipari for antifascist activities. After his release Russo was involved in an anarchist group in Turin that helped smuggle antifascists out of Italy and recruited volunteers for the Spanish Civil War. 1937 arrested and again sent to confinement in Ponza and Tremiti. Freed in 1943 and distributed underground anarchist newspaper Era Nuova. Died 1957.

Rustemann, _________

IWW member; interned as an “enemy alien” at Fort Douglas in Utah and then “voluntarily departed” to Germany. No further information found.

See: One Big Union Monthly, March 1920

Ryoukov/Ryzhukov, _________

Russian-born anarchist. 1912 married fellow anarchist Anastasia Ryzhukova (maiden name unknown) in Newark. Deported to Russia.

1920 joined Union of Russian Anarchist Workers Repatriated from America, formed by Hyman Perkus, which critically supported the Bolshevik dictatorship as a temporary necessity. Back in the US Anastasia became severely ill and died in 1924. No further information found.

See: Amerikanskiye Izvestiya, August 6, 1924 (thanks to Malcolm Archibald); Victor Serge, Anarchists Never Surrender: Essays, Polemics, and Correspondence on Anarchism, 1908–1938

Ivan Sabshuk (Иван Сабшук)

Deported to Russia, February 1, 1921. No further information found.

Included on list of deported radicals in INS file 54325/36G

Cesare Saccaro (Caesar; aka Frank Saccaro)

Born 1885, Arsiè, Italy. Miner. In Italy displayed “good moral conduct,” and from ages 11-18 enrolled in “a school in Verona to prepare for a monastic life.” Migrated to US 1903. Joined his father, Antonio, in Spring Valley, Illinois to work in the mines. Became anarchist circa 1910; sent money to anarchist newspapers in Italy. Returned to Italy 1913 to marry Giovanna (Jennie/Jeanne) Faoro. Couple returned to Spring Valley, where they had threes sons and one daughter. Deported March 1, 1921.

September 1923 migrated to Windsor, Canada, where joined by family. Repeatedly crossed US border into Canada without difficulty. 1933 helped organize antifascist Circolo Operaio di Cultura in Windsor. May 24, 1936 published an antifascist article in the Windsor Daily Star; wrote for the Toronto antifascist paper Il Lavoratore. 1945 still described by Italian authorities as engaging in antifascist and radical propaganda in Windsor. Later resettled in the US; died Dearborn, Michigan, May 27, 1979.

INS file 54885/17; FBI file OG 379633; CPC busta 4513

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